By Carla Barstow, DVM*, Robyn R. Wilborn, DVM, MS, Aime K. Johnson, DVM, 2018
- A thorough physical examination done at the beginning of a bitch’s breeding career may help identify any abnormalities that may cause a problem in the future.
- Obtaining an accurate history is important to guide diagnostic testing and future breeding management.
- Interpret diagnostic results with respect to the patient. Results should be examined as a whole and not as individual parts.